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Case studies & examples

Articles, use cases, and proof points describing projects undertaken by data managers and data practitioners across the federal government

Agencies Mobilize to Improve Emergency Response in Puerto Rico through Better Data

Federal agencies' response efforts to Hurricanes Irma and Maria in Puerto Rico was hampered by imperfect address data for the island. In the aftermath, emergency responders gathered together to enhance the utility of Puerto Rico address data and share best practices for using what information is currently available.

Federal Data Strategy

BUILDER: A Science-Based Approach to Infrastructure Management

The Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) adopted a data-driven, risk-informed strategy to better assess risks, prioritize investments, and cost effectively modernize its aging nuclear infrastructure. NNSA’s new strategy, and lessons learned during its implementation, will help inform other federal data practitioners’ efforts to maintain facility-level information while enabling accurate and timely enterprise-wide infrastructure analysis.

Department of Energy

data management , data analysis , process redesign , Federal Data Strategy

Business case for open data

Six reasons why making your agency's data open and accessible is a good business decision.

CDO Council Federal HR Dashboarding Report - 2021

The CDO Council worked with the US Department of Agriculture, the Department of the Treasury, the United States Agency for International Development, and the Department of Transportation to develop a Diversity Profile Dashboard and to explore the value of shared HR decision support across agencies. The pilot was a success, and identified potential impact of a standardized suite of HR dashboards, in addition to demonstrating the value of collaborative analytics between agencies.

Federal Chief Data Officer's Council

data practices , data sharing , data access

CDOC Data Inventory Report

The Chief Data Officers Council Data Inventory Working Group developed this paper to highlight the value proposition for data inventories and describe challenges agencies may face when implementing and managing comprehensive data inventories. It identifies opportunities agencies can take to overcome some of these challenges and includes a set of recommendations directed at Agencies, OMB, and the CDO Council (CDOC).

data practices , metadata , data inventory

DSWG Recommendations and Findings

The Chief Data Officer Council (CDOC) established a Data Sharing Working Group (DSWG) to help the council understand the varied data-sharing needs and challenges of all agencies across the Federal Government. The DSWG reviewed data-sharing across federal agencies and developed a set of recommendations for improving the methods to access and share data within and between agencies. This report presents the findings of the DSWG’s review and provides recommendations to the CDOC Executive Committee.

data practices , data agreements , data sharing , data access

Data Skills Training Program Implementation Toolkit

The Data Skills Training Program Implementation Toolkit is designed to provide both small and large agencies with information to develop their own data skills training programs. The information provided will serve as a roadmap to the design, implementation, and administration of federal data skills training programs as agencies address their Federal Data Strategy’s Agency Action 4 gap-closing strategy training component.

data sharing , Federal Data Strategy

Data Standdown: Interrupting process to fix information

Although not a true pause in operations, ONR’s data standdown made data quality and data consolidation the top priority for the entire organization. It aimed to establish an automated and repeatable solution to enable a more holistic view of ONR investments and activities, and to increase transparency and effectiveness throughout its mission support functions. In addition, it demonstrated that getting top-level buy-in from management to prioritize data can truly advance a more data-driven culture.

Office of Naval Research

data governance , data cleaning , process redesign , Federal Data Strategy

Data.gov Metadata Management Services Product-Preliminary Plan

Status summary and preliminary business plan for a potential metadata management product under development by the Data.gov Program Management Office

data management , Federal Data Strategy , metadata , open data

PDF (7 pages)

Department of Transportation Case Study: Enterprise Data Inventory

In response to the Open Government Directive, DOT developed a strategic action plan to inventory and release high-value information through the Data.gov portal. The Department sustained efforts in building its data inventory, responding to the President’s memorandum on regulatory compliance with a comprehensive plan that was recognized as a model for other agencies to follow.

Department of Transportation

data inventory , open data

Department of Transportation Model Data Inventory Approach

This document from the Department of Transportation provides a model plan for conducting data inventory efforts required under OMB Memorandum M-13-13.

data inventory

PDF (5 pages)

FEMA Case Study: Disaster Assistance Program Coordination

In 2008, the Disaster Assistance Improvement Program (DAIP), an E-Government initiative led by FEMA with support from 16 U.S. Government partners, launched DisasterAssistance.gov to simplify the process for disaster survivors to identify and apply for disaster assistance. DAIP utilized existing partner technologies and implemented a services oriented architecture (SOA) that integrated the content management system and rules engine supporting Department of Labor’s Benefits.gov applications with FEMA’s Individual Assistance Center application. The FEMA SOA serves as the backbone for data sharing interfaces with three of DAIP’s federal partners and transfers application data to reduce duplicate data entry by disaster survivors.

Federal Emergency Management Agency

data sharing

Federal CDO Data Skills Training Program Case Studies

This series was developed by the Chief Data Officer Council’s Data Skills & Workforce Development Working Group to provide support to agencies in implementing the Federal Data Strategy’s Agency Action 4 gap-closing strategy training component in FY21.

FederalRegister.gov API Case Study

This case study describes the tenets behind an API that provides access to all data found on FederalRegister.gov, including all Federal Register documents from 1994 to the present.

National Archives and Records Administration

PDF (3 pages)

Fuels Knowledge Graph Project

The Fuels Knowledge Graph Project (FKGP), funded through the Federal Chief Data Officers (CDO) Council, explored the use of knowledge graphs to achieve more consistent and reliable fuel management performance measures. The team hypothesized that better performance measures and an interoperable semantic framework could enhance the ability to understand wildfires and, ultimately, improve outcomes. To develop a more systematic and robust characterization of program outcomes, the FKGP team compiled, reviewed, and analyzed multiple agency glossaries and data sources. The team examined the relationships between them, while documenting the data management necessary for a successful fuels management program.

metadata , data sharing , data access

Government Data Hubs

A list of Federal agency open data hubs, including USDA, HHS, NASA, and many others.

Helping Baltimore Volunteers Find Where to Help

Bloomberg Government analysts put together a prototype through the Census Bureau’s Opportunity Project to better assess where volunteers should direct litter-clearing efforts. Using Census Bureau and Forest Service information, the team brought a data-driven approach to their work. Their experience reveals how individuals with data expertise can identify a real-world problem that data can help solve, navigate across agencies to find and obtain the most useful data, and work within resource constraints to provide a tool to help address the problem.

Census Bureau

geospatial , data sharing , Federal Data Strategy

How USDA Linked Federal and Commercial Data to Shed Light on the Nutritional Value of Retail Food Sales

Purchase-to-Plate Crosswalk (PPC) links the more than 359,000 food products in a comercial company database to several thousand foods in a series of USDA nutrition databases. By linking existing data resources, USDA was able to enrich and expand the analysis capabilities of both datasets. Since there were no common identifiers between the two data structures, the team used probabilistic and semantic methods to reduce the manual effort required to link the data.

Department of Agriculture

data sharing , process redesign , Federal Data Strategy

How to Blend Your Data: BEA and BLS Harness Big Data to Gain New Insights about Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.

A recent collaboration between the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) helps shed light on the segment of the American workforce employed by foreign multinational companies. This case study shows the opportunities of cross-agency data collaboration, as well as some of the challenges of using big data and administrative data in the federal government.

Bureau of Economic Analysis / Bureau of Labor Statistics

data sharing , workforce development , process redesign , Federal Data Strategy

Implementing Federal-Wide Comment Analysis Tools

The CDO Council Comment Analysis pilot has shown that recent advances in Natural Language Processing (NLP) can effectively aid the regulatory comment analysis process. The proof-ofconcept is a standardized toolset intended to support agencies and staff in reviewing and responding to the millions of public comments received each year across government.

Improving Data Access and Data Management: Artificial Intelligence-Generated Metadata Tags at NASA

NASA’s data scientists and research content managers recently built an automated tagging system using machine learning and natural language processing. This system serves as an example of how other agencies can use their own unstructured data to improve information accessibility and promote data reuse.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

metadata , data management , data sharing , process redesign , Federal Data Strategy

Investing in Learning with the Data Stewardship Tactical Working Group at DHS

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) experience forming the Data Stewardship Tactical Working Group (DSTWG) provides meaningful insights for those who want to address data-related challenges collaboratively and successfully in their own agencies.

Department of Homeland Security

data governance , data management , Federal Data Strategy

Leveraging AI for Business Process Automation at NIH

The National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), one of the twenty-seven institutes and centers at the NIH, recently deployed Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Learning (ML) to automate the process by which it receives and internally refers grant applications. This new approach ensures efficient and consistent grant application referral, and liberates Program Managers from the labor-intensive and monotonous referral process.

National Institutes of Health

standards , data cleaning , process redesign , AI

FDS Proof Point

National Broadband Map: A Case Study on Open Innovation for National Policy

The National Broadband Map is a tool that provide consumers nationwide reliable information on broadband internet connections. This case study describes how crowd-sourcing, open source software, and public engagement informs the development of a tool that promotes government transparency.

Federal Communications Commission

National Renewable Energy Laboratory API Case Study

This case study describes the launch of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Developer Network in October 2011. The main goal was to build an overarching platform to make it easier for the public to use NREL APIs and for NREL to produce APIs.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Open Energy Data at DOE

This case study details the development of the renewable energy applications built on the Open Energy Information (OpenEI) platform, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) and implemented by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

open data , data sharing , Federal Data Strategy

Pairing Government Data with Private-Sector Ingenuity to Take on Unwanted Calls

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) releases data from millions of consumer complaints about unwanted calls to help fuel a myriad of private-sector solutions to tackle the problem. The FTC’s work serves as an example of how agencies can work with the private sector to encourage the innovative use of government data toward solutions that benefit the public.

Federal Trade Commission

data cleaning , Federal Data Strategy , open data , data sharing

Profile in Data Sharing - Roadside Inspection Data

The Federal CDO Council’s Data Sharing Working Group highlights successful data sharing activities to recognize mature data sharing practices as well as to incentivize and inspire others to take part in similar collaborations. This Profile in Data Sharing focuses on how the Department of Transportation collaborates with the Customs and Border Patrol and state partners to prescreen commercial motor vehicles entering the US and to focus inspections on unsafe carriers and drivers.

Profiles in Data Sharing - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service

The Federal CDO Council’s Data Sharing Working Group highlights successful data sharing activities to recognize mature data sharing practices as well as to incentivize and inspire others to take part in similar collaborations. This Profile in Data Sharing focuses on how the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) collaborated with the Centers for Disease Control to notify state, local, tribal, and territorial public health authorities so they can connect with individuals in their communities about their potential exposure.

SBA’s Approach to Identifying Data, Using a Learning Agenda, and Leveraging Partnerships to Build its Evidence Base

Through its Enterprise Learning Agenda, Small Business Administration’s (SBA) staff identify essential research questions, a plan to answer them, and how data held outside the agency can help provide further insights. Other agencies can learn from the innovative ways SBA identifies data to answer agency strategic questions and adopt those aspects that work for their own needs.

Small Business Administration

process redesign , Federal Data Strategy

Supercharging Data through Validation as a Service

USDA's Food and Nutrition Service restructured its approach to data validation at the state level using an open-source, API-based validation service managed at the federal level.

data cleaning , data validation , API , data sharing , process redesign , Federal Data Strategy

The Census Bureau Uses Its Own Data to Increase Response Rates, Helps Communities and Other Stakeholders Do the Same

The Census Bureau team produced a new interactive mapping tool in early 2018 called the Response Outreach Area Mapper (ROAM), an application that resulted in wider use of authoritative Census Bureau data, not only to improve the Census Bureau’s own operational efficiency, but also for use by tribal, state, and local governments, national and local partners, and other community groups. Other agency data practitioners can learn from the Census Bureau team’s experience communicating technical needs to non-technical executives, building analysis tools with widely-used software, and integrating efforts with stakeholders and users.

open data , data sharing , data management , data analysis , Federal Data Strategy

The Mapping Medicare Disparities Tool

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ Office of Minority Health (CMS OMH) Mapping Medicare Disparities Tool harnessed the power of millions of data records while protecting the privacy of individuals, creating an easy-to-use tool to better understand health disparities.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

geospatial , Federal Data Strategy , open data

The Veterans Legacy Memorial

The Veterans Legacy Memorial (VLM) is a digital platform to help families, survivors, and fellow veterans to take a leading role in honoring their beloved veteran. Built on millions of existing National Cemetery Administration (NCA) records in a 25-year-old database, VLM is a powerful example of an agency harnessing the potential of a legacy system to provide a modernized service that better serves the public.

Veterans Administration

data sharing , data visualization , Federal Data Strategy

Transitioning to a Data Driven Culture at CMS

This case study describes how CMS announced the creation of the Office of Information Products and Data Analytics (OIPDA) to take the lead in making data use and dissemination a core function of the agency.

data management , data sharing , data analysis , data analytics

PDF (10 pages)

U.S. Department of Labor Case Study: Software Development Kits

The U.S. Department of Labor sought to go beyond merely making data available to developers and take ease of use of the data to the next level by giving developers tools that would make using DOL’s data easier. DOL created software development kits (SDKs), which are downloadable code packages that developers can drop into their apps, making access to DOL’s data easy for even the most novice developer. These SDKs have even been published as open source projects with the aim of speeding up their conversion to SDKs that will eventually support all federal APIs.

Department of Labor

open data , API

U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Census Bureau collaborate on national roads and boundaries data

It is a well-kept secret that the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Census Bureau were the original two federal agencies to build the first national digital database of roads and boundaries in the United States. The agencies joined forces to develop homegrown computer software and state of the art technologies to convert existing USGS topographic maps of the nation to the points, lines, and polygons that fueled early GIS. Today, the USGS and Census Bureau have a longstanding goal to leverage and use roads and authoritative boundary datasets.

U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Census Bureau

data management , data sharing , data standards , data validation , data visualization , Federal Data Strategy , geospatial , open data , quality

USA.gov Uses Human-Centered Design to Roll Out AI Chatbot

To improve customer service and give better answers to users of the USA.gov website, the Technology Transformation and Services team at General Services Administration (GSA) created a chatbot using artificial intelligence (AI) and automation.

General Services Administration

AI , Federal Data Strategy


An official website of the Office of Management and Budget, the General Services Administration, and the Office of Government Information Services.

This section contains explanations of common terms referenced on resources.data.gov.

Case Studies Examples Scenarios Database System DBMS

Most of the time you see the case studies and scenario-based questions in the Database System (DBMS) paper. Keeping in view, I am sharing with you some of the case study base questions of the database course.

Examples of Case Studies and Scenarios questions from DBMS

  • Examples of Case Studies and scenarios from the Database System.
  • How you can make a database from the scenario mentioned below.
  • How you can normalize the database tables from the case studies mentioned below.
  • How to draw the Entity-relationship diagram from the given case study.
  • How to draw the Data flow diagram from the case studies mentioned below.
  • What database model is suitable for the case studies mentioned below.
  • What kind of database users are suitable for the given case study.
  • What kind of database redundancies and inconsistencies are possible in the given scenario.
  • How You can write SQL Queries on the tables of the mentioned case study.
  • Find the possible database keys from the tables of these case studies.
  • Suggest the relationships among the tables of the given scenarios.
Vehicle information dissemination system for Cloud  Android Project for BCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Gym and Fitness Management System Project IN C# for BCS BSIT MCS BSSE
HR Management System Project in C# and VB.NET for BCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Employees Attendance System via Fingerprint  in C# and VB.NET for BCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Pharmacy Record Management System Project in PHP, ASP or C#.NET
Car information System using Android and Arduino final year Project for BSCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Agile File Master App final year project for BSCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Android Messenger App final year project for BSCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Android Call Recorder App final year project for BSCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Music Listening App final year project for BSCS BSIT MCS BSSE
Like mind matches Android application – Final year project for MCS
Financial Helper Using QR/Barcode Scanner Android Final year project for MCS BSCS BSSE
My Grocery List Mobile Application Project in  Android

If you are still in reading the more case studies, then you can read 100+ case studies .

Related Posts:

  • Case Studies Examples Scenarios OOP
  • History of Database System (DBMS)
  • Data Independence in DBMS (Database)
  • 3 Tier Database Architecture in DBMS
  • Client-server Database Architecture in DBMS
  • Second normal form Examples in DBMS

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10 Database Examples in Real Life

You might not realize it, but database examples are everywhere. Whether or not you know very much about them, their effect on your daily life is extensive. From weather applications to the movies you watch online, databases support nearly every service you use on a regular basis.

To show you just how ubiquitous databases are, here are a few of the more well-known database examples and descriptions on how they enhance your day-to-day life. The most popular database server in the Web Hosting Industry, MySQL , is prevalent in virtually every example listed below. 

But first, what exactly is a database?

What is a Database? 

A database simply refers to a set of related data organized in a way that it can be easily stored, changed, and accessed at any time. 

Databases underpin nearly every program you use. If a program saves your data in any way (e.g., username and password), you can be sure a database is deployed somewhere.

There are various ways in which databases can be organized. One of the most popular types of databases today is relational databases, consisting of rows and columns in a series of tables. Most of these databases use SQL for querying data (MySQL being one of the most popular database examples), but some also rely on other languages and are then referred to as NoSQL. 

How Does a Database Work? 

Relational databases can be imagined as many tables, each containing unique information stored in rows and columns .

For example, your row could contain all the information you need about a particular customer (name, email, phone, company). The column would be that specific type of information (company name) across all customers. If some customers work at the same company, you could also create a database table with all the relevant company information. In this way, you only have to specify it once and can change it later everywhere at the same time.

To interact with your database, you can use special software called a database management system (DBMS), of which there exist lots of varieties, depending on your needs.

10 Database Examples You Regularly Use

Here are 10 popular real-world database examples , from gaming to eCommerce, to show you how versatile databases can be. 

1. On-Demand Online Video Streaming

1 On-Demand Video Streaming Databases

Online streaming services, such as Hulu and Netflix, use databases to keep track of which TV shows and movies are available and your viewing preferences , so it can provide better watching recommendations every time you log in to the service. As you can imagine, streaming platforms move around petabytes of data at any given time, which they then need to organize and analyze. Hulu, for example, chose Apache Cassandra , one of the NoSQL distributed databases, for those needs because of its scalability, availability, and performance.

2. Social Gaming

2 Social Gaming Databases

Gaming done across social networks is extremely data-intensive. Gathering individual player information from around the globe and serving it to other players on-demand requires high availability database software.

One example is the popular Game of Thrones Ascent , a free role-playing game launched by Disruptor Beam based on the hit HBO series Game of Thrones. Their Percona Server-based database solution helped them eliminate data bottlenecks during high-usage periods.

With decentralized gaming on the rise, individual gaming servers are also becoming more popular today. Hypixel was included in the Guinness World Records for the most popular independent gaming server. Minecraft, one of the most popular games of all time, allows users to host or connect to other servers to play in a multiplayer mode. 

See our handy guide on How to Create a Minecraft Server on CentOS 7 and get gaming today.

3. Personal Cloud Storage

3 Cloud Storage Databases

If you save photos or documents to your smartphone or tablet, or even just to any online backup solution, your data is being transferred to the cloud, a large central storage environment, where just a small portion of space is dedicated to you.

Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, and iCloud are just some examples of personal cloud storage services available to you. All of them use complex data models and powerful data warehouses to ensure your data is stored securely and is available to be called upon at a moment’s notice, regardless of where you are.

4 Sporting Databases

Fan participation in national sports doesn’t just utilize the power of the database; it depends on it. From fantasy football leagues to March Madness brackets, the sports industry depends on massive cloud databases and data collection to keep track of everything that’s going on.

Such databases store and analyze player statistics, game performances, injury reports , and more — always calculating the odds of a win on a weekly basis.

5. Finances

5 Financial Databases

From the stock market to your local bank, databases are abundant across the financial world. Everywhere information needs to be saved and reused, a database is involved, whether it’s your checking account or the price of gold at any given moment.

You can imagine that tracking the vast amount of information behind the global daily transactions requires extremely powerful and secure databases. Financial businesses also use models that analyze collected data to predict future activity .

6. Government Organizations

6 Government Databases

Governments worldwide are constantly collecting our data for various reasons, such as research, defense, legislation, and humanitarian purposes .

Since the information is highly sensitive, government organizations are often looking for a database designed to handle data for all different purposes as safely as possible. The data is then collected, stored, and analyzed using powerful and far-reaching database services.

7. Social Media

7 Social Media Databases

Every social media platform stores an abundance of user information in databases used to recommend friends, businesses, products, and topics to you (the end user). This cross-referencing of data is immensely complex and uses highly reliable and capable database software.

The choice for the social media database software can range widely. While some companies prefer NoSQL databases, Facebook, for example, still successfully runs MySQL in its data centers .

8. eCommerce

8 eCommerce Databases

Any online organization that sells its products or services on a platform such as WooCommerce has to use a database to operate properly. In this case, databases help organize products, pricing, customer information, and purchasing history .

The eCommerce store owner can then leverage their database to recommend other potential products to customers. This data would be stored in highly secure databases, protected by the standards set through PCI Compliance .

9. Healthcare

9 Healthcare Databases

Doctor’s offices and healthcare organizations store extensive amounts of patient data for easy accessibility. The databases behind this collection of information are massive, with complex data structures and security protecting sensitive data. All of these organizations have to ensure they comply with HIPAA standards for data management.

Healthcare.gov, for example, relies on NoSQL databases to manage their health insurance information .

10. Weather

10 Weather Databases

Predicting the weather across the globe is incredibly complex. Weather organizations use prediction models that depend on various factors, all gathered, stored, and analyzed within databases. The databases allow the weather data to be always accessible and easily deliverable to your local TV station or smartphone app.

The Weather Company, for example, takes in over 20 terabytes of data per day . The company has used several databases to support this torrent of information, including MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server , Cassandra, and more.

Consider Liquid Web Databases Too! 

Liquid Web's VPS Hosting (Virtual Private Servers) and Dedicated Hosting (traditional bare-metal servers) solutions are two perfect examples of products running on databases to deliver outstanding value. They are designed specifically for entrepreneurial businesses, developers, freelancers, and digital agencies that need to manage lots of data securely and quickly.

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These cloud database case studies demonstrate clearly why so many enterprises and other large-scale organizations are shifting some, or all, of their data to cloud databases.

Some benefits may seem clear — the cloud provides remote access to data, for example. Other benefits are often overlooked. 

Here are five examples of cloud database case studies from several industries to show the versatility cloud database solutions can provide:

Industry: Pharmacy


Microsoft Consulting Services, along with Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), partnered with Walgreens to create the Information, Data, and Insights (IDI) platform powered by Azure. Microsoft describes the platform as having an “event-based microservices architecture that processes the company’s two key prescription processes: prescription and pharmacy inventory processing and pharmacy operations processing.”

When patients or medical providers initiate the prescription fulfillment process, Azure Databricks and Azure Synapse Analytics move hundreds of related data points through the IDI. Pharmacists can access information through a centralized dashboard interface and request data visualizations.

Pharmacists gain real-time insights, and the system can scale as needed to meet current needs. During peak times, the platform can handle more than 40,000 transactions per second. Compared with Walgreens’ previous solution, the private cloud-based architecture saves an enormous amount of time on every transaction — prescription data that once took about 48 hours to reach its data warehouse can be handled by Walgreens within minutes. 

In a Microsoft case study, Lakshmi Nagaraj, managing partner at Tata Consultancy Services, says, “It is a great journey for TCS partnering with Walgreens and Microsoft to build a modern pharmacy platform with Azure, enabling intelligent data tools at the fingertips of the pharmacists to enable future growth.” 

Industry: Retail (shoes)

SAP worked with Allbirds to develop a cloud-based enterprise resource planning (ERP) infrastructure to consolidate and centralize global operations. The infrastructure includes legacy e-commerce and POS platforms powered by SAP. At this point, Allbirds holds 90% of its business technology in the cloud, within private and public cloud networks. 

Allbirds has been able to create immersive cross-channel experiences on their mobile and web platforms as well as in store due to better visibility into inventory. The private cloud-based system delivers real-time financial data, including up-to-the-minute sales and customer insights, which are used to create consistency across multiple sales channels and to streamline supply chains. The company has experienced better on-time delivery rates and fewer out-of-stock issues where inventory data was outdated. 

Siemens Mobility 

Industry: Transportation

Siemens Mobility is working with several European rail operators to modernize thousands of kilometers of rail traffic. Siemens’ train signal control system is intended to improve efficiency and utilization, but digitizing the routes was complex, given the extensive scope and scale of the project, which spans several European countries. 

By moving key data assets to Oracle Cloud Autonomous Transaction Processing, project managers can access relevant project information from several shared resources with a few clicks, versus the several days of manual spreadsheet entry this process required prior to the move. The company reports reduced costs of 90% and improved time to market in an  Oracle case study . 

Industry: Mining

MineSense is a data-based tool used by several of the world’s largest mining operations in Canada, Chile and Peru to more accurately dig for resources like iron, copper, zinc and nickel. The company uses thousands of Internet of Things (IoT) devices and terabytes of data to power its operations. Data received through these devices is used to optimize the use of power and water for extraction and to minimize waste, but the company needed a large-scale solution for managing all that data. 

MineSense opted for a cloud-based solution that has helped to lower DBA workloads by 65%, while still delivering accurate data insights to mining engineers, geophysicists, and data scientists. Oracle Cloud Autonomous Data Warehouse also allows MinSense to analyze the IoT data to drive future operational decisions. T he MinSense team can build and deliver apps in a week versus the six weeks it took previously, according to Oracle .

Industry: Gaming

Online game publisher Gamepub was unhappy with the amount of downtime it had to tolerate in order to handle maintenance tasks. Every moment games in their catalog were inaccessible was directly related to a financial hit, and ultimately, the company felt it impacted customer loyalty and retention. “Gamers are disappointed even when there’s a short delay in access,” says Seokchan Sohn, Lead of System Team at Gamepub in the Microsoft case study . 

Gamepub’s move to Microsoft’s Azure Database for MySQL – Flexible Server has given the company much more control over how it handles game maintenance.

The company can control the timing for patches and upgrades and schedule maintenance to coincide with game update releases. Sohn says the company is able to reduce downtime by running certain disk management tasks online — for example, disk volume size changes and IOPS (input/output operations per second) optimization. Ultimately, Sohn says, the company was able to eliminate about two unnecessary maintenance periods per quarter. 


Cloud-based databases can significantly improve the way enterprises access and utilize data resources. Not only do these solutions reduce the amount of physical hardware space required to store and manage data, but they also offer benefits like reduced latency and the centralization of disparate data stores. 

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Database Design: Normalization Example

case study database examples

About this article

In this article, we use one of the entities from our case study and perform a database normalization example. We start with the products table, unnormalized, and progress through the first, second, and third normal forms. Finally, we show the results of applying the same techniques to the entire Entity Relationship Diagram for our online store.

This post is the fourth on a series exploring the subject of relational databases for the full-stack developer.

For quick access, here is the list of the articles on the topic:

  • Introduction to Relational Databases
  • Database Design: Entities, Attributes, and Relationships
  • Database Design: Entity-Relationship Diagrams
  • Database Design: Normalization ( this article )
  • Database Design: Entity-Relationship Diagram to Structured Query Language
  • Deploying PostgreSQL for development and testing
  • Structured Query Language Cheat Sheet
  • Working with databases from Python


Database normalization is a process of structuring a relational database in a way that reduces data redundancy and improves data integrity.

Data redundancy is the repetition of the same data in different places in your database. Avoiding repetition is important because repetition may cause anomalies when inserting, deleting, and updating data.

You achieve normalization by applying successive normal forms to your database design. Wikipedia lists ten of these forms. In most cases, however, using the first, second, and third normal forms is enough to produce a normalized database.

Table with normal forms and their requirements.  Source: wikipedia.

Normal forms and their requirements

You should perform normalization in order. In other words, your tables must comply with the first normal form before attempting to apply the second normal form, and so on.

As it is often the case with abstract concepts, database normalization is better explained and understood by following an example.

Unnormalized table

Let’s take the products entity from the last post and create a table with it:

This product table is in unnormalized from

Unnormalized products table

First normal form (1NF)

To achieve 1NF, your tables must meet the following criteria:

  • Table columns must contain atomic values.
  • The table must not have any repeating groups .
  • Every row in the table must be identifiable by a primary key.

Atomic values

In the context of database normalization, your columns have atomic values if every value in the column is a single, indivisible value.

In the unnormalized products table above, the product_color column for the iPhone XS cover stores two values: Chili Red and Steel Blue . Therefore, product_color violates the atomicity requirement. You could modify the table to store the colors in different columns as follows:

To avoid breaking the atomicity requirement, we separated the colors in two columns but now we end up with a repeating group.

Products table after separating each color value into its own column

Repeating groups

A table has repeating groups when several of its columns store the same type of value. In the last version of your products table, we have two columns for storing product_color and therefore you have a repeating group: product_color .

To fix the repeating group issue, you have to separate each product color into its own row. The resulting table is now:

By repeating the product item, once for each column we end up with the table in first normal form.

Product table after eliminating the repeating groups

Primary key

Now, let’s look at the primary key. In the previous post , you added an auto-incrementing id attribute to all entities for the primary key. If you look at the last iteration of your products table, however, the id attribute no longer works as a primary key. The first two rows in the table have the same id but refer to different products: an iPhone XS cover chili red and an iPhone XS cover steel blue.

For this table, we need a composite key: all products in the table can be identified by a combination of id and product_color . You can say that the products table meets 1NF .

Data redundancy

There is an issue with data redundancy that you might as well fix now, before moving on to the second normal form.

If the store introduces a new product, say a Pouch, and it comes in Chili Red, Steel Blue, and Ink, your product table becomes:

Product table in 1NF after adding the item Pouch in three different colors.

Product table in 1NF after adding the item Pouch in three different colors

Notice the problem with data redundancy. If you, for marketing reasons, decide to change the color name from Chili Red to Sunset Red , you must find all uses of the original color name in the product table and update them to the new color name.

Performing these updates is not only more work than necessary, but it can also lead to inconsistent data states if some instances are updated, and others are not.

You can avoid this pitfall by separating the product_colors into a new table and creating a relationship between products and product_colors :

Products table after extracting product_colors to a separate table and relating both tables with a foreign key.

Products table after extracting product_colors to a separate table and relating both tables with a foreign key

New product_colors table

New product_colors table

Now to change Chili Red to Sunset Red, you only need to update the first record in the product_colors table, and the data remains consistent.

The new composite primary key for the products table is id and product_color_id .

Second normal form (2NF)

Once your table complies with 1NF , you can satisfy 2NF by eliminating any partial dependencies .

Partial dependencies

To have partial dependencies in a table, you must have a composite primary key and have columns that do not depend on the entire composite key.

The last iteration of your products table has a composite key: id and product_color_id . However, the columns name , cost , and price depend only on id . The column quantity depends on the entire composite key.

You can see how name , cost , and price are partially dependent on the primary key. You must get rid of all partial dependencies to satisfy 2NF.

To solve this problem, you need to create a new associative table to relate products and product_colors and move the quantity column to the new table. The result follows:

Products table in 2NF.

Products table in 2NF

New products_product_colors table in 2NF.

New products_product_colors table in 2NF

New products_product_colors table in 2NF.

Product_colors table in 2NF

You can see now that all columns in the products table depend on the primary key id . Furthermore, all columns in the new products_product_colors table depend on the composite primary key product_id and product_color_id .

Third normal form (3NF)

To satisfy 3NF , your tables must be in 2NF , and you must eliminate any transitive dependencies .

Transitive dependencies

A transitive dependency exists in a table when a column’s dependence in the primary key happens indirectly through another column.

In our example, there are no transitive dependencies, and, therefore, the tables already meet the requirements for 3NF .

For the sake of completeness, we are going to add to the products table two columns, supplier and county_of_origin , to illustrate what transitive dependencies are and how to avoid them.

Let’s say you have two suppliers: ACME from China and Globex from India. The products table with the modifications follows:

Products table with transitive dependency country_of_origin.

Products table with transitive dependency country_of_origin

You can easily see that country_of_origin is indirectly dependent on id though the supplier column, and therefore it creates a transitive dependency.

As usual, you fix the problem by moving supplier and country_of_origin to a new table and creating a relationship between the new table and the products table.

The result follows, and your products table is now in 3NF .

Products table in 3NF.

Products table in 3NF

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is suppliers-1.png

Normalization for the entire Entity Relationship Diagram

Now you should review all entities and relationships in the diagram for your online store and modify them as needed to achieve 3NF. Your resulting diagram should be similar to this one:

Normalized entity-relationship diagram for Atelier-M online store.

Normalized entity-relationship diagram for our online store

In this article, you were exposed to database normalization by following a simple example. Then you had the chance to apply your knowledge by normalizing the entity-relationship diagram for your online store.

In the process, you learned about the different normal forms and about important concepts like atomic values, repeating groups, partial dependencies, and transitive dependencies.

In the next article , you will translate the normalized entity-relationship diagram into Structured Query Language statements.

  • Database normalization
  • First normal form
  • Second normal form
  • Third normal form
  • Data anomalies
  • Database atomic values
  • What does “repeating groups” mean?
  • Partial dependency (database)
  • What is transitive dependency in a database

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  • What Is a Case Study? | Definition, Examples & Methods

What Is a Case Study? | Definition, Examples & Methods

Published on May 8, 2019 by Shona McCombes . Revised on June 22, 2023.

A case study is a detailed study of a specific subject, such as a person, group, place, event, organization, or phenomenon. Case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research.

A case study research design usually involves qualitative methods , but quantitative methods are sometimes also used. Case studies are good for describing , comparing, evaluating and understanding different aspects of a research problem .

Table of contents

When to do a case study, step 1: select a case, step 2: build a theoretical framework, step 3: collect your data, step 4: describe and analyze the case, other interesting articles.

A case study is an appropriate research design when you want to gain concrete, contextual, in-depth knowledge about a specific real-world subject. It allows you to explore the key characteristics, meanings, and implications of the case.

Case studies are often a good choice in a thesis or dissertation . They keep your project focused and manageable when you don’t have the time or resources to do large-scale research.

You might use just one complex case study where you explore a single subject in depth, or conduct multiple case studies to compare and illuminate different aspects of your research problem.

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case study database examples

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Once you have developed your problem statement and research questions , you should be ready to choose the specific case that you want to focus on. A good case study should have the potential to:

  • Provide new or unexpected insights into the subject
  • Challenge or complicate existing assumptions and theories
  • Propose practical courses of action to resolve a problem
  • Open up new directions for future research

TipIf your research is more practical in nature and aims to simultaneously investigate an issue as you solve it, consider conducting action research instead.

Unlike quantitative or experimental research , a strong case study does not require a random or representative sample. In fact, case studies often deliberately focus on unusual, neglected, or outlying cases which may shed new light on the research problem.

Example of an outlying case studyIn the 1960s the town of Roseto, Pennsylvania was discovered to have extremely low rates of heart disease compared to the US average. It became an important case study for understanding previously neglected causes of heart disease.

However, you can also choose a more common or representative case to exemplify a particular category, experience or phenomenon.

Example of a representative case studyIn the 1920s, two sociologists used Muncie, Indiana as a case study of a typical American city that supposedly exemplified the changing culture of the US at the time.

While case studies focus more on concrete details than general theories, they should usually have some connection with theory in the field. This way the case study is not just an isolated description, but is integrated into existing knowledge about the topic. It might aim to:

  • Exemplify a theory by showing how it explains the case under investigation
  • Expand on a theory by uncovering new concepts and ideas that need to be incorporated
  • Challenge a theory by exploring an outlier case that doesn’t fit with established assumptions

To ensure that your analysis of the case has a solid academic grounding, you should conduct a literature review of sources related to the topic and develop a theoretical framework . This means identifying key concepts and theories to guide your analysis and interpretation.

There are many different research methods you can use to collect data on your subject. Case studies tend to focus on qualitative data using methods such as interviews , observations , and analysis of primary and secondary sources (e.g., newspaper articles, photographs, official records). Sometimes a case study will also collect quantitative data.

Example of a mixed methods case studyFor a case study of a wind farm development in a rural area, you could collect quantitative data on employment rates and business revenue, collect qualitative data on local people’s perceptions and experiences, and analyze local and national media coverage of the development.

The aim is to gain as thorough an understanding as possible of the case and its context.

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In writing up the case study, you need to bring together all the relevant aspects to give as complete a picture as possible of the subject.

How you report your findings depends on the type of research you are doing. Some case studies are structured like a standard scientific paper or thesis , with separate sections or chapters for the methods , results and discussion .

Others are written in a more narrative style, aiming to explore the case from various angles and analyze its meanings and implications (for example, by using textual analysis or discourse analysis ).

In all cases, though, make sure to give contextual details about the case, connect it back to the literature and theory, and discuss how it fits into wider patterns or debates.

If you want to know more about statistics , methodology , or research bias , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

  • Normal distribution
  • Degrees of freedom
  • Null hypothesis
  • Discourse analysis
  • Control groups
  • Mixed methods research
  • Non-probability sampling
  • Quantitative research
  • Ecological validity

Research bias

  • Rosenthal effect
  • Implicit bias
  • Cognitive bias
  • Selection bias
  • Negativity bias
  • Status quo bias

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McCombes, S. (2023, June 22). What Is a Case Study? | Definition, Examples & Methods. Scribbr. Retrieved August 28, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/case-study/

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Blog Graphic Design

15+ Professional Case Study Examples [Design Tips + Templates]

By Alice Corner , Jan 12, 2023

Venngage case study examples

Let me ask you a question: Have you ever bought something — within the last 10 years or so — without reading its reviews or without a recommendation or prior experience of using it?

If the answer is no — or at least, rarely — you get my point.

For businesses selling consumer goods, having raving reviews is a good way to get more customers. The same thing applies to B2B and/or SaaS businesses — but for this type of business, besides regular, short reviews, having a detailed case study can help tremendously.

Case studies are an incredibly effective form of marketing that you can use to help promote your product and plan your marketing strategy effectively. You can also use it as a form of customer analysis or as a sales tool to inspire potential customers.

So what does a case study look like and how can you create one? In this article, I’m going to list over 15 marketing case study examples, case study tips, and case study templates to help you create a case study that converts.

Bold Social Media Business Case Study Template

Click to jump ahead:

  • What is a Case Study?
  • Marketing Case Study Examples

Sales Case Study Examples

Simple case study examples, business case study examples.

  • Case Study FAQs

What is a case study?

A case study is a research method to gain a better understanding of a subject or process. Case studies involve in-depth research into a given subject, in order to understand its functionality and successes.

In the context of a business, however, case studies take customer success stories and explore how they use your product to help them achieve their business goals.

Case Study Definition LinkedIn Post

As well as being valuable marketing tools, case studies are a good way to evaluate your product as it allows you to objectively examine how others are using it.

It’s also a good way to interview your customers about why they work with you.

Related: What is a Case Study? [+6 Types of Case Studies]

What is a marketing case study?

A marketing case study is a type of marketing where you use your existing customers as an example of what your product or services can achieve. You can also create case studies of internal, successful marketing projects.

Here’s an example of a marketing case study template:

marketing case study example

Return to Table of Contents

Marketing case study examples

Marketing case studies are incredibly useful for showing your marketing successes. Every successful marketing campaign relies on influencing a consumer’s behavior, and a great case study can be a great way to spotlight your biggest wins.

In the marketing case study examples below, a variety of designs and techniques to create impactful and effective case studies.

Show off impressive results with a bold marketing case study

Case studies are meant to show off your successes, so make sure you feature your positive results prominently. Using bold and bright colors as well as contrasting shapes, large bold fonts, and simple icons is a great way to highlight your wins.

In well-written case study examples like the one below, the big wins are highlighted on the second page with a bright orange color and are highlighted in circles.

Making the important data stand out is especially important when attracting a prospective customer with marketing case studies.

Light simplebusiness case study template

Use a simple but clear layout in your case study

Using a simple layout in your case study can be incredibly effective, like in the example of a case study below.

Keeping a clean white background, and using slim lines to help separate the sections is an easy way to format your case study.

Making the information clear helps draw attention to the important results, and it helps improve the  accessibility of the design .

Business case study examples like this would sit nicely within a larger report, with a consistent layout throughout.

Modern lead Generaton Business Case Study Template

Use visuals and icons to create an engaging and branded business case study

Nobody wants to read pages and pages of text — and that’s why Venngage wants to help you communicate your ideas visually.

Using icons, graphics, photos, or patterns helps create a much more engaging design. 

With this Blue Cap case study icons, colors, and impactful pattern designs have been used to create an engaging design that catches your eye.

Social Media Business Case Study template

Use a monochromatic color palette to create a professional and clean case study

Let your research shine by using a monochromatic and minimalistic color palette.

By sticking to one color, and leaving lots of blank space you can ensure your design doesn’t distract a potential customer from your case study content.

Color combination examples

In this case study on Polygon Media, the design is simple and professional, and the layout allows the prospective customer to follow the flow of information.

The gradient effect on the left-hand column helps break up the white background and adds an interesting visual effect.

Gray Lead Generation Business Case Study Template

Did you know you can generate an accessible color palette with Venngage? Try our free accessible color palette generator today and create a case study that delivers and looks pleasant to the eye:

Venngage's accessible color palette generator

Add long term goals in your case study

When creating a case study it’s a great idea to look at both the short term and the long term goals of the company to gain the best understanding possible of the insights they provide.

Short-term goals will be what the company or person hopes to achieve in the next few months, and long-term goals are what the company hopes to achieve in the next few years.

Check out this modern pattern design example of a case study below:

Lead generation business case study template

In this case study example, the short and long-term goals are clearly distinguished by light blue boxes and placed side by side so that they are easy to compare.

Lead generation case study example short term goals

Use a strong introductory paragraph to outline the overall strategy and goals before outlining the specific short-term and long-term goals to help with clarity.

This strategy can also be handy when creating a consulting case study.

Use data to make concrete points about your sales and successes

When conducting any sort of research stats, facts, and figures are like gold dust (aka, really valuable).

Being able to quantify your findings is important to help understand the information fully. Saying sales increased 10% is much more effective than saying sales increased.

In sales case study examples, like this one, the key data and findings can be presented with icons. This contributes to the potential customer’s better understanding of the report.

They can clearly comprehend the information and it shows that the case study has been well researched.

Vibrant Content Marketing Case Study Template

Use emotive, persuasive, or action based language in your marketing case study

Create a compelling case study by using emotive, persuasive and action-based language when customizing your case study template.

Case study example pursuasive language

In this well-written case study example, we can see that phrases such as “Results that Speak Volumes” and “Drive Sales” have been used.

Using persuasive language like you would in a blog post. It helps inspire potential customers to take action now.

Bold Content Marketing Case Study Template

Keep your potential customers in mind when creating a customer case study for marketing

82% of marketers use case studies in their marketing  because it’s such an effective tool to help quickly gain customers’ trust and to showcase the potential of your product.

Why are case studies such an important tool in content marketing?

By writing a case study you’re telling potential customers that they can trust you because you’re showing them that other people do.

Not only that, but if you have a SaaS product, business case studies are a great way to show how other people are effectively using your product in their company.

In this case study, Network is demonstrating how their product has been used by Vortex Co. with great success; instantly showing other potential customers that their tool works and is worth using.

Teal Social Media Business Case Study Template

Related: 10+ Case Study Infographic Templates That Convert

Case studies are particularly effective as a sales technique.

A sales case study is like an extended customer testimonial, not only sharing opinions of your product – but showcasing the results you helped your customer achieve.

Make impactful statistics pop in your sales case study

Writing a case study doesn’t mean using text as the only medium for sharing results.

You should use icons to highlight areas of your research that are particularly interesting or relevant, like in this example of a case study:

Coral content marketing case study template.jpg

Icons are a great way to help summarize information quickly and can act as visual cues to help draw the customer’s attention to certain areas of the page.

In some of the business case study examples above, icons are used to represent the impressive areas of growth and are presented in a way that grabs your attention.

Use high contrast shapes and colors to draw attention to key information in your sales case study

Help the key information stand out within your case study by using high contrast shapes and colors.

Use a complementary or contrasting color, or use a shape such as a rectangle or a circle for maximum impact.

Blue case study example case growth

This design has used dark blue rectangles to help separate the information and make it easier to read.

Coupled with icons and strong statistics, this information stands out on the page and is easily digestible and retainable for a potential customer.

Blue Content Marketing Case Study Tempalte

Less is often more, and this is especially true when it comes to creating designs. Whilst you want to create a professional-looking, well-written and design case study – there’s no need to overcomplicate things.

These simple case study examples show that smart clean designs and informative content can be an effective way to showcase your successes.

Use colors and fonts to create a professional-looking case study

Business case studies shouldn’t be boring. In fact, they should be beautifully and professionally designed.

This means the normal rules of design apply. Use fonts, colors, and icons to create an interesting and visually appealing case study.

In this case study example, we can see how multiple fonts have been used to help differentiate between the headers and content, as well as complementary colors and eye-catching icons.

Blue Simple Business Case Study Template

Whether you’re a B2B or B2C company, business case studies can be a powerful resource to help with your sales, marketing, and even internal departmental awareness.

Business and business management case studies should encompass strategic insights alongside anecdotal and qualitative findings, like in the business case study examples below.

Conduct a B2B case study by researching the company holistically

When it comes to writing a case study, make sure you approach the company holistically and analyze everything from their social media to their sales.

Think about every avenue your product or service has been of use to your case study company, and ask them about the impact this has had on their wider company goals.

Venngage orange marketing case study example

In business case study examples like the one above, we can see that the company has been thought about holistically simply by the use of icons.

By combining social media icons with icons that show in-person communication we know that this is a well-researched and thorough case study.

This case study report example could also be used within an annual or end-of-year report.

Highlight the key takeaway from your marketing case study

To create a compelling case study, identify the key takeaways from your research. Use catchy language to sum up this information in a sentence, and present this sentence at the top of your page.

This is “at a glance” information and it allows people to gain a top-level understanding of the content immediately. 

Purple SAAS Business Case Study Template

You can use a large, bold, contrasting font to help this information stand out from the page and provide interest.

Learn  how to choose fonts  effectively with our Venngage guide and once you’ve done that.

Upload your fonts and  brand colors  to Venngage using the  My Brand Kit  tool and see them automatically applied to your designs.

The heading is the ideal place to put the most impactful information, as this is the first thing that people will read.

In this example, the stat of “Increase[d] lead quality by 90%” is used as the header. It makes customers want to read more to find out how exactly lead quality was increased by such a massive amount.

Purple SAAS Business Case Study Template Header

If you’re conducting an in-person interview, you could highlight a direct quote or insight provided by your interview subject.

Pick out a catchy sentence or phrase, or the key piece of information your interview subject provided and use that as a way to draw a potential customer in.

Use charts to visualize data in your business case studies

Charts are an excellent way to visualize data and to bring statistics and information to life. Charts make information easier to understand and to illustrate trends or patterns.

Making charts is even easier with Venngage.

In this consulting case study example, we can see that a chart has been used to demonstrate the difference in lead value within the Lead Elves case study.

Adding a chart here helps break up the information and add visual value to the case study. 

Red SAAS Business Case Study Template

Using charts in your case study can also be useful if you’re creating a project management case study.

You could use a Gantt chart or a project timeline to show how you have managed the project successfully.

event marketing project management gantt chart example

Use direct quotes to build trust in your marketing case study

To add an extra layer of authenticity you can include a direct quote from your customer within your case study.

According to research from Nielsen , 92% of people will trust a recommendation from a peer and 70% trust recommendations even if they’re from somebody they don’t know.

Case study peer recommendation quote

So if you have a customer or client who can’t stop singing your praises, make sure you get a direct quote from them and include it in your case study.

You can either lift part of the conversation or interview, or you can specifically request a quote. Make sure to ask for permission before using the quote.

Contrast Lead Generation Business Case Study Template

This design uses a bright contrasting speech bubble to show that it includes a direct quote, and helps the quote stand out from the rest of the text.

This will help draw the customer’s attention directly to the quote, in turn influencing them to use your product or service.

Case Study Examples Summary

Once you have created your case study, it’s best practice to update your examples on a regular basis to include up-to-date statistics, data, and information.

You should update your business case study examples often if you are sharing them on your website.

It’s also important that your case study sits within your brand guidelines – find out how Venngage’s My Brand Kit tool can help you create consistently branded case study templates.

Case studies are important marketing tools – but they shouldn’t be the only tool in your toolbox. Content marketing is also a valuable way to earn consumer trust.

Case Study FAQ

Why should you write a case study.

Case studies are an effective marketing technique to engage potential customers and help build trust.

By producing case studies featuring your current clients or customers, you are showcasing how your tool or product can be used. You’re also showing that other people endorse your product.

In addition to being a good way to gather positive testimonials from existing customers , business case studies are good educational resources and can be shared amongst your company or team, and used as a reference for future projects.

How should you write a case study?

To create a great case study, you should think strategically. The first step, before starting your case study research, is to think about what you aim to learn or what you aim to prove.

You might be aiming to learn how a company makes sales or develops a new product. If this is the case, base your questions around this.

You can learn more about writing a case study  from our extensive guide.

Some good questions you could ask would be:

  • Why do you use our tool or service?
  • How often do you use our tool or service?
  • What does the process of using our product look like to you?
  • If our product didn’t exist, what would you be doing instead?
  • What is the number one benefit you’ve found from using our tool?

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Database Management System Case Studies Case Study 1 Hospital Management System

Profile image of nazia Sadiq`

Aim: XYZ hospital is a multi specialty hospital that includes a number of departments, rooms, doctors, nurses, compounders, and other staff working in the hospital. Patients having different kinds of ailments come to the hospital and get checkup done from the concerned doctors. If required they are admitted in the hospital and discharged after treatment. The aim of this case study is to design and develop a database for the hospital to maintain the records of various departments, rooms, and doctors in the hospital. It also maintains records of the regular patients, patients admitted in the hospital, the check up of patients done by the doctors, the patients that have been operated, and patients discharged from the hospital.

Related Papers

IOSR Journals

Indian Railway is world's largest human transport system which is currently dealing with a lot of problems, such as availability of confirming seat to waiting list passengers after its departure. Moreover, there is no such system/ regulation in Indian railway that instantly gives accommodation to waiting list passengers during their journey. This paper proposes the Dynamic Seat Allocation (DSA) system considering the advantage of QR code processing along with one of the standards of wireless communication. Adding to more benefits, dynamic authentication to the wireless device is incorporated with respect to which is passenger specific. Through this research paper our approach is to make fair processing in seat reservation or allocation in Indian Railway. This project will help make the daunting task of booking and confirming a waiting list ticket very easy. Railway is the most feasible and economical solution, but some middle men and agents try to extort a huge amount of sum from a common man, taking an undue advantage of his predicament. This system will hugely help in clamping down such malpractices.

case study database examples

IJSRP Journal

In Indian Railways transport system and in most other public transport system a passenger cannot book for a ticket after the charting of train is done and a seat remains unused if a passenger did not board a train or cancels his ticket after the charting of train is done our approach to overcome it is by a dynamic seat allocation system using QR Code containing the URL to an online website for railway reservation has been developed. In a QR code a passenger specific URL is stored, when Hand held Terminal device running on android OS encodes this URL by the Check-in an passenger which is updated in the central database and any passenger who don’t board on the train his QR code check-in procedure is not done and after the specific time interval the ticket for it is automatically made available in the system for booking to other passengers.

Prof. Goutam Dutta

In this article, we provide the mathematical model for a Revenue Management System that consists of an optimizer, a simulator and a forecaster, and implement these systems on the National Railway of an Emerging Asian Economy (NREAE). We formulate a multi-period network revenue optimization model based on deterministic linear programming, which emphasizes capacity allocations adjusted to the leg-based passenger demand. This model incorporates the crucial features of NREAE like Passenger Reservation System and urgency-based booking schemes. We conduct a simulation study of passenger demand between stations and analyze the variations in revenue and also compare the performance of different pickup forecasting techniques. We illustrate and apply the concept of expected marginal seat revenue with the passenger booking data of NREAE.

Dr. Sanjay Mohapatra

Stephen Potter

Graham Parkhurst

Research and Scientific Innovation Society RSIS International

The existing queuing theory provides various models which are inadequate to handle “Secondary queues” generated out of the situation of the availability of the „Service Surrender‟ facility. The present paper deals with such secondary queues as applied particularly in Indian Railways ticket reservation system.

petia wohed

Reuse of already existing resources and solutions has always been a strategy for reducing the costs in the information systems development process. Construction and organization of small pieces of reusable solutions, also called patterns, in libraries for reuse support, has taken a central place within research during the last years. In this paper, a methodology for collecting conceptual patterns and a navigation structure for suggesting the most suitable one during the information systems analysis process are suggested.


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Databases Case Studies Samples For Students

17 samples of this type

Do you feel the need to examine some previously written Case Studies on Databases before you start writing an own piece? In this free database of Databases Case Study examples, you are granted an exciting opportunity to examine meaningful topics, content structuring techniques, text flow, formatting styles, and other academically acclaimed writing practices. Implementing them while composing your own Databases Case Study will surely allow you to finish the piece faster.

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case study database examples


  1. Extended ER model of case study database including the data set

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  2. Pin on Database design

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  4. DBMS Case Study

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  5. DBMS Case Study

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  6. DBMS Case Study

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  1. Case studies & examples

    Case studies & examples Articles, use cases, and proof points describing projects undertaken by data managers and data practitioners across the federal government Agencies Mobilize to Improve Emergency Response in Puerto Rico through Better Data

  2. Case Studies Examples Scenarios Database System DBMS

    Examples of Case Studies and scenarios from the Database System. How you can make a database from the scenario mentioned below. How you can normalize the database tables from the case studies mentioned below. How to draw the Entity-relationship diagram from the given case study.

  3. PDF A Suite of Case Studies in Relational Database Design

    Typical relational database design examples in textbooks and undergraduate courses are small and do not provide any real opportunity to practice the design, they simply illustrate and illuminate the principles. On the other end of the spectrum are typical industrial ... To this end a suite of ten case studies are presented. Each project is ...

  4. 10 Real-Life Database Examples Your Life Runs On

    One example is the popular Game of Thrones Ascent, a free role-playing game launched by Disruptor Beam based on the hit HBO series Game of Thrones. Their Percona Server-based database solution helped them eliminate data bottlenecks during high-usage periods.

  5. Library Guides: Case Studies: Sources for Case Studies

    How to find them: Harvard Business Review publishes one case study per issue. These generally deal with fictitious companies but are very good studies of current problems faced by companies. Harvard Business School Publishing Search by company name or topic. Abstracts are usually included.

  6. Case Studies in Databases

    Proquest Database. To find a case study: Start at the Advanced Search Page. Type your topic into the first search box. Under Document Type click on the box next to Case Study, so it limits your search to case studies.

  7. Case Studies in Six-Step Relational Database Design

    After a brief overview of the six-step database design process, three case studies are used to demonstrate how the technique works. Each case study starts with a concise statement of the problem and then goes through each of the six steps that are part of the six-step database design technique, ending with a Crow's Foot relational database model.

  8. PDF Lecture 10: Case Studies

    Case Study: Microsoft Azure SQL Case Study: SiloR Checkpoint Protocols Case Study: Facebook Scuba / Logging Schemes / Logging Schemes Physical Logging Record the changes made to a specific location in the database. Example: git diff Logical Logging Record the high-level operations executed by txns. Not necessarily restricted to single page.

  9. Databases by Type: Case Studies

    An intuitive and comprehensive business library containing millions of full-text items across scholarly and popular periodicals, newspapers, market research reports, dissertations, books, videos and more. To find case studies, go to the Advanced Search page, go to the box labeled "Document Type," and select "Case Study." SAGE Journals.

  10. Databases

    For example: "case studies" "supply chain". Filter your results: If the database has the menu option, select case studies. For example, Business Source Complete. Advanced Search screen - Publication Type - Case Studies. The term "case study" often appears in the document title- try adding "case study" to a title search

  11. PDF Database Management Systems: A Case Study of Faculty of Open Education

    These concepts are called database and database management system (DBMS). A database is a group of related files, and a DBMS is the software designed to create, store, and manipulate a database. One facet of a database management system is processing inserts, updates, and deletes. This all has to do with putting information into the database.

  12. Companies Using Cloud Databases: Top Use Cases

    Here are five examples of cloud database case studies from several industries to show the versatility cloud database solutions can provide: ... In a Microsoft case study, Lakshmi Nagaraj, managing partner at Tata Consultancy Services, says, "It is a great journey for TCS partnering with Walgreens and Microsoft to build a modern pharmacy ...

  13. Database Case Study

    Crafting Case Studies on Database is so much smoother and fun when you have an aptly written example piece right in front of you. Providentially, WePapers.com offers you unlimited access to free Database Case Studies repository you can utilize to prosper in the writing game.

  14. (PDF) How to develop and manage a case study database as suggested by

    The case study database as depicted in Figure 1. 3 comprises secondary and primary data sourced from a combination of qualitative and quantitative r esearch methods within the Phase 1: Exploratory

  15. Database Design: Normalization Example • Wander In Dev

    About this article. In this article, we use one of the entities from our case study and perform a database normalization example. We start with the products table, unnormalized, and progress through the first, second, and third normal forms.Finally, we show the results of applying the same techniques to the entire Entity Relationship Diagram for our online store.

  16. Research: Business Case Studies: Databases with Cases

    Research Guides Business Case Studies Databases with Cases Business Case Studies Databases with Cases One strategy for finding business cases is to search databases known to have case studies. All of the databases listed below include case studies. Business (Gale OneFile) Business Abstracts with Full Text Business Source Complete Gartner Research

  17. What Is a Case Study?

    Example of an outlying case studyIn the 1960s the town of Roseto, Pennsylvania was discovered to have extremely low rates of heart disease compared to the US average. It became an important case study for understanding previously neglected causes of heart disease.

  18. A Study on Real-Time Database Technology and Its Applications

    database commonly used in the field. A case study of a ride share application will be used to illustrate the major applications of real-time database. 1.1 Purpose . Many applications especially those associated with mobile devices are accompanied by the generation, storage, retrieval and processing of a large amount of data within a limited time.

  19. PDF Kurt Schoch I

    Case Study Sample Size. Typically, a case study has a sample of one (i.e., the bounded case, but note that sam - pling can also occur within the case), unless the research project is a multiple-case study. In a multiple-case study, having three to four distinct cases for comparison is probably the most cases that one can realistically handle.

  20. 15+ Case Study Examples, Design Tips & Templates

    Simple Case Study Examples Business Case Study Examples Case Study FAQs What is a case study? A case study is a research method to gain a better understanding of a subject or process. Case studies involve in-depth research into a given subject, in order to understand its functionality and successes.

  21. Database Management System Case Studies Case Study 1 Hospital

    Database Management System Case Studies Case Study 1 Hospital Management System nazia Sadiq` Aim: XYZ hospital is a multi specialty hospital that includes a number of departments, rooms, doctors, nurses, compounders, and other staff working in the hospital.

  22. Databases Case Study Examples That Really Inspire

    Big Data Case Study. (1) With the stern competition among companies today, success relies on gaining business competitive advantages. This is the main objective of big data and data analytics. Though both seeks to utilize data in gaining edge over the other three characteristics differentiates big data from data analytics and these are volume ...

  23. Introducing Python in Excel: The Best of Both Worlds for Data Analysis

    To see examples of machine learning and visualization, and stay informed of updates, visit the Excel.... Seamlessly aggregate and visualize your data with Python in Excel. Collaborate easily. Share workbooks and Python analytics in your favorite tools like Microsoft Teams and Microsoft Outlook. Collaborate seamlessly with comments and ...

  24. The ChatGPT list of lists: A collection of 3000+ prompts, examples, use

    Here is a breakdown of the lists, prompts-collections, resources, articles referenced in this this story:. 30x: Intro to ChatGPT and foundation models 70x: Free Prompt Engineering Courses ...

  25. PDF Database Management System Case Studies

    Database Management System Case Studies Case Study 1 Hospital Management System Aim: XYZ hospital is a multi specialty hospital that includes a number of departments, rooms, doctors, nurses, compounders, and other staff working in the hospital.